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How Advanced is chinese new space station

How Advanced is chinese new space station

Chinese New Space station

Recently China has entered the fold with the launch of Tiangong. the country's third attempt, and a permanent platform and space. 

History of Space Stations

The idea of space stations has its roots in science fiction from as early as the mid 19th century, but it was the development of rocketry and life support systems during the second world war that brought the reality far closer. 

Russia was the first country to successfully launch a space station in 1971 with Salyut1 which would essentially be followed with Salyut 2, 3 5 6 and 7. 

NASA was also trying and exploring the new possibilities towards space and tech industry and it launched Skylab in the year 1973 considered as good progress.

It was Russia's Mir station that launched in 1986 that changed things because it was built with the modular design that meant further editions could be made throughout its lifespan to improve its capabilities.

By the late 90s. However, Mir was aging and a combined effort by the find leading space agencies of the time of the development of the International Space Station which would become one of humankind's greatest scientific achievements so far.

After mere was decommissioned in 2001 the ISS would be the only space station in orbit for the Owing decade. but China's space agency hadn't been involved in the any collaborative effort in of the projects and as all such had designs of their own that they were about to begin during testing.

China's space exploration.

Amazingly China only launched its first crewed mission into space in 2003 more than 40 years after Russia did so. but has already sent a probe to Mars and developed a new range of heavy-lift rockets and are developing a new space telescope that will be sent into orbit within a few years.

What the Chinese space agency has fully realized though. Is that the ability to use a platform in space for experimentation is crucial for future development for both the space program and for terrestrial Technologies, 

a space station has therefore been top of the list of the agencies plans for several decades and they've made extraordinary progress in that time. 

Project 921-2 Tiangong
Project 921-2 space module image credit: artistic impression

 

The Tiangong program actually began in 1992 known simply as Project 921-2. in the beginning it was very much a military program in response to the worldwide dangers of the cold War. but by 1999, the focus had changed towards scientific research and the agency put forward to potential space station designs.

A plan was decided upon that would lead to a fully-fledged station being launched and this involved three main stages.

  • The first was a successful manned flight which was completed in 2003. 
  • The second was the launch of a test station 

     and then 

  • the third was the launch of the final version. 

The test station phase of the plan took place between 2011 and 2019 with the launch of the Tiangong 1 target vehicle in 2011 that remained in orbit for six and a half years and the Tiangong 2 space laboratory that was launched in 2016 and made a controlled reentry in 2019.

The data need to collected and then derivat from in these two intent missions then is provided that enough of information is that the Space and agency finally is going felt ready to proceed another with a best fully constructed modular space station. the first piece of this project which was sent into orbit on the 29th, April 20-21. 

Tiangong

The Tiangong space station, which means heavenly Palace is what's known as a third generation space station because it has a modular design in the same way that the ISS.

 

Tiangong Space module
Tiangong space module image credit: artistic impression

The benefit from doing it this way is that each piece of the station can be sent into the world at different stages and it attached to the court to continually expand the structure.

Different modules attaching Tiangong
Different modules attaching Tiangong image credit: artistic impression

 

in April of 2021 the first module called the Tianhe coure cabin was successfully inserted into orbit and this provides life support and living space to support three crew members as well as functioning as the Central Command section for the expanding station. from where Tiangong navigation, guidance and orientation will be controlled from.

Described as being the size of a bus this module is split into three sections, a living quarters, where there's a kitchen, a toilet and sleeping space. 

Tiangong space module containig view
Tiangong space module content view image credit: factonomen

 

The service section that contains communication equipment computers and scientific apparatus and the docking Hub, where Supply ships will be able to connect with it. 

The TNA model weighs 25 tons which makes it by far the largest and heaviest space vehicle ever to be built by China.

In this required significant power to lift it into orbit a long March 5B  rocket was used which is made up of a core stage in four boosters and itself is the height of a nine-story building in waste 940 ton when fully fueled.

two months after the module insert orbit the shenzhou12 mission saw a shianzaw space station dock with station.

Orbiting at a height of between 210 and 280 miles above the earth's surface the plan is hoarding Tiangong to be permanently inhabited for the entirety of its operational life. This of course, is just the beginning and there's a lot of work needed before the Tiangong station is fully complete.

What do you think china will have more advanced space modules ? let me know comment section below and subscribe to our newsletter for more tech content.